Monday, September 12, 2011
Saan Magtutuon ang Ating Pagkilala?
Kilalanin ng lahat ang buhay-buhay ng karaniwang mge taong bumubuo ng pamayanan noong malaong nakalipas, kung anu-ano ang naging pagbabago sa kanilang isip at pag-uugali hanggang sa kasalukuyan, at kung paano (at bakit) nangyari ang mga pagbabagong iyon.
.......Halimbawa, kung may saganang pamumuhay noon ang mga mamamayan batay sa biyaya ng kalikasan, bakit at paanong nangyari na ngayo'y dumaranas na ng kagipitan at kagutuman? Pati mga kapinsalaan o peligro mula sa ayos o daloy ng kalikasan? Kung marami na at dumarami pa ang lumuluwas papalabas, ano ang pangunahing mga kadahilanan? At ang mga dahilan ay tiyak na may sarili pang pinagmulan, anu-ano ang mga iyon? Bunsod ba ng pagbabagong pangkalikasan o ng pagbabago sa balangkas ng lakas at kapangyarihang nagpapairal ng mga kalakaran? Malinaw na unawain ang ugna-ugnayan ng mga ito.
........Kailangang alamin ng isang sentro ang mga salaysay at pagkaalala sa lahat ng bagay na ito. Ang mga nakatatanda o "senior citizens" ang maaaring magtulungan upang maalala ang mga ito at maitalang lahat sa iisang pagsisinop.
........Maaaring isama sa pagtatala ang mga detalye ngunit hindi sila maaaring bigyan ng katimbang na pansin sa pagtatala. Ang mga petsa at partikular na tao ay isama rin ngunit mas pahalagahan natin ang buu-buong haba ng panahon gaya ng mga dekada at siglo. Buhay, ugali at kapasyahan ng mamamayan ang mahalaga kaysa galaw ng iilang tao. Kung may ipinag-utos ang isang opisyal, kailangang suriin kung bakit siya sinunod o hindi sinunod ng nakararami.
........Ang mga pagbubuod ay kailangang pana-panahong isulat at ipalaganap bilang tentatibong pagkilala sa binubuong kasaysayan, nang may pag-anyaya sa lahat ng may sariling kaalaman na iambag ang kaalamang ito upang pinuhin at payamanin pa ang pagsisikap na kilalanin ang kasaysayan ng pamayanan.
Ihinanda noong Setyembre 2011
para "Pistahang Kamalaysayan"
Ed Aurelio C. Reyes,
pasimuno at tagapagsalita,
Kaisahan sa Kamalayan sa Kasaysayan
o Solidarity on Sense of History
( K A M A L A Y S A Y A N )
Friday, September 9, 2011
Climate Change: What is to be Done?!
Throughout the world, the Philippines ranks third in the list of countries most vulnerable to climate change, a study by a United Nations agency and a German organization has warned, in a report published last week by Philippine Daily Inquirer.
.....The recent report by the United Nations University’s Institute for Environment and Human Security and the German Alliance Development Works said the top 10 countries facing the highest risk are: Vanuatu, Tonga (both island-nations in the South Pacific), the Philippines, the Solomon Islands, Guatemala, Bangladesh, Timor-Leste, Costa Rica, Cambodia and El Salvador.
Vanuatu which is experiencing a fresh water shortage ranks number one with a 32-percent disaster risk. Tonga in the second spot has 29.08 percent.
....The Philippines ranks third with a 24.32-percent disaster risk. The risk index used in the report analyzed each country’s exposure to natural disasters like storms, floods, earthquakes, droughts and sea level rise.
....It also estimated their susceptibility to damage based on the state of their economy and infrastructure, and the countries’ ability to respond to these disasters through preparedness measures and early warning systems. It also studied their ability to adapt to future disasters due to climate change. Filipino scientists said the Philippines would get more rains in the coming years due to climate change.
....In 2010, the climatology division of the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (Pagasa) reported that climate data from 1960 to 2003 showed significant increases in the frequency of hot days and warm nights in many areas of the country. Pagasa also observed that the number of cooler days had decreased. This trend mirrors the experience of other countries in Southeast Asia, Pagasa said, as it predicted more rains in the Philippines in the coming decades.
....The Climate Reality Project, which is backed by former United States Vice President Al Gore, said the study confirmed what residents of the Philippines already know from their experience.
....“This is reality. Lives and livelihoods lost are not a hoax, these are all realities brought about by the biggest crisis this world has ever faced. As the study shows, the Philippines ranks third in exposure to natural hazards like earthquakes, storms, floods and droughts, as well as the exposure of populations to sea level rise by one meter,” said Rodne Galicha, Philippine country district manager of The Climate Reality Project (TCRP).
....TCRP stressed that climate change is not the only culprit. Galicha noted that man-made factors, such as land conversion, deforestation, and mining activities, worsen the effects of climate change and have a multiplier effect on disasters.
....“Massive land conversion, long-term deforestation, mining in island ecosystems and forests and lack of solid waste management are just some of the culprits,” TCRP disaster risk reduction and management expert Miguel Magalang said. He added that a comprehensive land use plan based on principles of climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction should be strongly adopted by the government.
....The floods and landslides from typhoons Pedring and Quiel recently emphasized the Filipinos’ vulnerability to extreme weather. Almost a week since Quiel left the Philippines, many towns in Central Luzon were still underwater.
....In this context, the 21-year old Kamayan para sa Kalikasan monthly environmental forum will discuss the progress and obstacles of climate change education in its 260th session on Third Friday, October 21, 2011, with the head of the Philippine Climate Change Commission, Sec. Lucille Sering, as main resource person. Commissioner Heherson T. Alvarez is also expected to come. Other invited speakers will be coming from among leaders of the nationwide and local environmental conservation organizations. All concerned citizens, whether or not members of such groups are invited to join the forum.....Kamayan para sa Kalikasan has been convened on the third Friday of every month (10:30 a.m. to 2 p.m.) through free lunch) since March 1990. It has never missed a scheduled session since it was started then by the Clear Communicators for the Environment (CLEAR). In 2002, CLEAR was joined as co-convenor by the SanibLakas ng mga Aktibong Lingkod ng Inang Kalikasan (SALIKA), headed by Marie Reyes-Marciano, founding president, who has been the forum's lead moderator since that year. It has been fully sponsored all these 21 years by the Kamayan-Saisaki-Dads Restaurant along EDSA, near the SEC/Ortigas area, in Mandaluyong City, which has also been its regular venue.
.......CLEAR Vice President Ed Aurelio Reyes, the forum's lead organizer, said CLEAR and SALIKA are hoping that the people who come to the forum would bring out with them and radiate among all the people within their respective spheres of influence the spirit of understanding, unity and passionate environmental advocacy that pervades the forum's sessions.
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